9/04/2006

Yakimono Pottery

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Districts of Edo 江戸の町 .
Setomono, 瀬戸物 see below
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Yakimono 焼物 / Setomono 瀬戸物 pottery, crockery


. Yakimono, pottery and Haiku .

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 達磨 Daruma in and on pottery

Japanese Pottery!
The oldest pottery in the world and in the long history of its development there are so many styles and areas involved, it is easy to loose track.
Talking about Japanese Pottery and Daruma san, I make the distinction between Daruma as a decorative figure or statue (okimono 置物), Daruma painted on a piece of pottery for use, for example a teacup, a soy sauce poorer or an oil dish. In this field we find Daruma almost everywhere! I will cover that in the separate stories.
And finally pottery items for use in the form of Daruma, for example incense burners, toothpick holders and the like. This also calls for different stories. Many pottery centers have some special type of Daruma objects, so I will cover the Pottery of Arita, Bizen, Kutani, Oribe etc. in extra stories.

There might be more in time.

. My ALBUM - Pottery .

. My ALBUM - Kutani 九谷焼 Pottery .


Yakimono - Culture Sketches



. Join the Yakimono Friends on Facebook ! .


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Modern Japanese Ceramics:
Pathways of Innovation & Tradition
by Anneliese Crueger (Author), Wulf Crueger (Author), Saeko Ito (Author)



For more than 30 years, Dr. Anneliese and Dr. Wulf Crueger—guided by Saeko Itô—have devoted themselves to studying, understanding, and collecting Japanese ceramics. Today, they share the rich fruits of their knowledge with this lavishly illustrated volume based on their own collection. The equivalent of Roberts Museum Guide, devotees of beautiful ceramics can pick it up and use it to select and visit potters as they undertake an artistic tour of the country.
Organized geographically, it goes from kiln to kiln—which in Japan may refer to a lone site or an entire ceramics region that contains hundreds of workshops. Along the way, they outline the history, development, and unique stylistic characteristics of each area’s work, and the traditions that inspired it.
- source : www.amazon.com


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..... Akahadayaki 赤膚焼 Akahada pottery "red skin" Nara

..... Aritayaki, Arita-yaki 有田焼 Pottery from Arita

..... Bizen Pottery 備前焼 

..... Hajiki ware 土師器 and 埴輪 Haniwa

..... Hasami-yaki 波佐見焼 Hasami creamics - Nagasaki

..... Kameyama yaki 亀山焼 Kameyama Pottery
- Nagasaki yaki 長崎焼 Nagasaki Pottery

..... Karatsuyaki 唐津焼 Pottery from Karatsu

..... Kutaniyaki <> Pottery from Kutani 九谷焼 

..... Mishimayaki <> Pottery from Mishima 三島焼 

..... Mumyoi-yaki 無名異焼 Mumyoi ceramics - Sado, Niigata

..... Oribeyaki <> Pottery in the Oribe Tradition 織部焼 

..... Satsuma Ware 薩摩焼 

..... Shinoyaki 志野焼 Shino Pottery

..... Sodeshi 袖師窯 Sodeshi-gama Pottery - Shimane



..... Sumida Pottery 隅田焼 Vase with Daruma

..... Tobe-yaki 砥部焼 Tobe ware, pottery Ehime

..... Tokoname Pottery 常滑焼 

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..... Hamada Chawan

..... Items from Robert Yellin - Sake Cups and Flasks

..... Gabi in Takamatsu - Daruma Hunting

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- shared by Robert Yellin - facebook - 2015

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source : facebook

- quote
Kintsugi (金継ぎ) (Japanese: golden joinery) or
Kintsukuroi (金繕い) (Japanese: golden repair)
is the Japanese art of fixing broken pottery with lacquer resin dusted or mixed with powdered gold, silver, or platinum a method similar to the maki-e technique. As a philosophy it speaks to breakage and repair becoming part of the history of an object, rather than something to disguise.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


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Vase from the Heikichi Kiln of Hirashimizu
Yamagata prefecture
The pattern is engraved in a kind of scrafitto by etching the image through the slip.

平清水焼の花瓶
「作者 平吉窯四代目 . 安倍宗太郎」






Photo from my friend Ishino
widest diameter 18cm / hight 25.5cm

This kind of pottery has a history of more than 200 years. Now there are six kilns that produce it.
平清水焼き Japanese Reference


Hirashimizu, to the south of Yamagata city is a renowned pottery producing area. It is said that at its peak there were some 20 producers in the area. This number has now dwindled to six which are enjoying the recent boom in ceramics. The peach Celadon style whereby the iron particles protrude through the celadon glaze giving the pottery a peach-skin effect is particularly well known. Pottery lessons and tours of the buildings where the potters sit at their wheels can be arranged by the Shichiemon, Bun'emon and Heikichi potters.
... www.yamagatakanko.com/

MORE
. Daruma from Hirashimizu 平清水だるま


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Robert Yellin and his Japanese Pottery pages
http://www.e-yakimono.net/


. . . CLICK here for Daruma on pottery ... Photos !

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. Districts of Edo 江戸の町 .



Setomonochoo 瀬戸物町 Setomonocho, Setomono-Cho
Now part of Chuo-Ku, Nihonbashi, Muromachi
setomono mise 瀬戸物店, setomonoya 瀬戸物屋
pottery shop, crockery shop


All kinds of pottery were called "Setomono" in Edo, but in Western Japan they were called Karatsumono 唐津物 "Things (pottery) from Karatsu".

Seto 瀬戸 is a pottery town in Aichi.
Pottery made in Seto dates back to the 13th century. Katō Shirōzaemon is credited as the first to produce wares in the town
- - - More about Seto Pottery in the WIKIPEDIA !

In the Setomono district of Edo were many shops selling pottery and crockery.
One of the first to open shop was 水野兵九郎 Mizuno Heikuro.
The eastern part of the district bordered to a wide river-canal Nishi-Horidome 西堀留, where ships from Seto could land easily.
There were also many wholesalers of Sake, incense sticks (senkoo 線香 and dried food (kanbutsu 乾物) in the district.
During the Year-End season, a popular market, (toshi no ichi 年の市) was held in the Western part of the district.

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Horidomechoo 堀留町 Horidomecho District
Nihonbashi Area

Because of the wide waterway, many wholesalers (tonya 問屋) had their warehouses here, especially rice dealers.


Painting by Hasegawa Settan 1834-1836

- quote -
The Horidome district was located in the vicinity of modern Nihonbashi Horidome-chō 1-chōme and 2-chōme; it being positioned along an excavated bund that faced onto and altered the flow of the two Horidome rivers (east and west).
Water transportation was used extensively in the area during Edo times, with the town becoming well-known for its rice traders.
- source : library.metro.tokyo.jp/Portals -

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Iseya 伊勢屋 Iseya Store
- quote -
Ninben にんべん, Ihee Takatsu 高津伊兵衛 (1679 - )

... In 1691, he moved to Edo's Kobunacho and became the apprentice of a grain trader named Tarokichi Aburaya.
in 1704, he opened a wholesale store in Kobunacho. In the following year, he changed his name to Ihee and the name of his shop to Iseya Ihee 伊勢屋伊兵衛. He then started a retail store in Setomonocho, Nihonbashi (present day Muromachi 2-chome) in 1720, which is now the location of the current Ninben head office.
- source : ninben.jp/history -


伊勢屋から鰹をよぶやいなや雨 
Iseya kara katsuo o yobu ya inaya ame

When the master of Iseya store
buys first fish of the season,
it will surely rain.


First fish of the season was extremely expensive, and if he bought it, surely heaven himself would be surprized and start a shower.

. daitsuuya juuhachi 大通屋十八 18 big spenders .
The big 18 were the most famous of this group, most of them were the money-lenders of Kura-Mae 蔵前.



source : ukiyo-e.org/image

Three Women at the Iseya in Nakazu
- by Katsukawa Shuncho

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. ABC List of Edo craftsmen 江戸の職人 .

tookooshi 陶工師 suetsukuri 陶工 Tokoshi, potter

- quote -
Kajibashi 鍛冶橋
..... The neighborhood we are entering now is home to a community of potters, and the shops on the main street have row after row of porcelain and pottery lined up on the shelves and tables. Each store offers a range of different types of plates, saucers, mugs, bowls and vases.

Pottery is a highly developed craft in Edo, though the best products still come from the far western provinces of Suo, Aki and Nagato. A wide range of different styles of pottery are available, from inexpensive dishes used by average townspeople to the works of master craftsmen, which can fetch extremely high prices from rich daimyo, merchants or members of the Emperor's court.

Everyone is intent on what they are doing, and take their work seriously -- even the youngsters and women who prepare the clay for use in making the pottery. Like many of Edo's crafts, there is a close connection between the business of making pottery and the expression of fine art. Apprentices may produce large amounts of simple pottery for daily use while they are learning their craft, but their goal is always to develop their skill to a fine level and to create true works of art.

The center of the potter's district is almost uncomfortably warm. You can feel the heat from the kilns as soon as you enter the square. The huge ovens used to bake the porcelain are set up in the center of the district, and they are tended carefully to ensure that the temperature is kept at just the right level. Around the square, individual craftsmen are shaping clay into different types of products. Every few minutes, someone will carry another large rack of molded pottery over to the kilns to be baked.
This neighborhood can be unbearably hot in the summer time, since potters have to work all year round. On the other hand, it isnt such a bad place to visit in the winter. Each of the crafts districts is entirely devoted to producing their specialty products, and each member of the community has a part to play. Most of the people are closely bound together by ties of kinship and community, and all work together to help the entire neighborhood become prosperous.

Craftsmen in Japan have to spend ten years working as an apprentice for a "master craftsman" before they can start to work on their own. While they are an apprentice, they will spend the entire day working with their master, watching every move that he makes, and attempting to imitate his skills. Although the crafts tend to hereditary professions, with people passing on their trade from father to son, it is not that uncommon for people to switch to a different craft while they are still very young. .....
- source : edomatsu/kajibashi -


. Imado yaki 今戸焼  Imado ware .
from Imado, Asakusa

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source : edokurashi.hatenablog.com/entry - 渡辺京二

porcelain dealer

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Potters and Patrons in Edo Period Japan
Andrew L. Maske

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俄雨瀬戸物売りは常の足
niwaka ame setomono uri wa tsune no ashi

sudden rainfall -
the vendor of pottery
walks as usual


Since his ware can break easily, he does not dare to speed up or hurry during a rainfall.


source : www012.upp.so-net.ne.jp/shonokousaten

- - - - - MORE to explore - 瀬戸物屋 - TBA
瀬戸物屋頭痛地震で鉢合せ
瀬戸物屋小言隣は藤間流
両方が舂屋で困る瀬戸物屋
茶碗ばち網の中から出して売 . . .
- source : ameblo.jp/tachibana2007


. senryu, senryū 川柳 Senryu in Edo .

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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

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Akita 秋田県 山本郡 二ツ井町 Futatsui

koojinsama 荒神様 Kojin Sama
房住山には昔寺があって、今は五輪塔と坂上田村麿が掘ったという古井戸が残っている。1938年前後、あるソマフがこの井戸を浚うと、瀬戸物や金物、庚申様の猿などが出た。しかし房住山は荒神様のいる所と言われているので、その後は崇りを恐れて誰も掘らない。


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Aomori 青森県 三戸郡 Sannohe 新郷村 Shingo

soozen sama ソウゼン様
高村家の先祖には馬車引きをした人がいる為、屋敷内にソウゼン様を祀る祠があり、昭和30年代までは正月16日に多くの者が参拝にやって来た。ソウゼン様は家の中に祀ってはいけないといわれるが、以前屋外に祀っていた瀬戸物の神体は祠ごと池に落ちてしまい、未だに見つかっていない。
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myoojin sama 明神様
横田家では、屋敷にあるカツラの大木の根元に明神様を祀っており、その祠の中に神体として瀬戸物のとぐろを巻いた白蛇を納めている。遠い親戚に当たる人がモノシリ(民間宗教者)に言われて祀り始めたものだが、近年も見知らぬ人がモノシリに言われたといって拝みにきたという。


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Iwate 岩手県 奥州市 Oshu town

kitsune 狐 the Fox
瀬戸物屋が狐を見つけて天秤棒で殴っていたつもりが、実は狐にだまされていて、自分の商品の瀬戸物を殴っていた。


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Kyoto 京都府

ryuu 龍 the Dragon
尾越の一の瀧二の瀧には龍が住んでいる。龍がいる方の瀧は水がにごって底が見えなくなるという。穢物や瀬戸物の破片を投げ入れると雨降り続きとなる。


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Mie 三重県 鈴鹿市 Suzuka

kitsune 狐 the Fox
四日市の商人が、車に茶碗・箸などを入れて売りに来た。日が暮れてから土橋にさしかかると、オンバ(乳母車)の中で赤ん坊が泣いていた。捨て子だと思いゆすってあやしていた。気がつくと商人は自分の車を揺すっており、中に入っていた瀬戸物が壊れていた。商人は方角が分からず、夜明けまでそこにいたという。これは狐に化かされたのだという。

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Osaka 大阪府 - 陶器神社

oogama 大蝦蟇 huge toad
明治33年ころ、大阪毎日新聞が三面記事で「信田山の大蝦蟇」について連日報道した。その夏、瀬戸物町陶器神社に、うっそうとした渓谷に人間ほどの大きさの大蝦蟇が大目玉を光らせている、という作り物が登場し、観客が群がった。


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Shiga 滋賀県 犬上郡 甲良町 Kora

ryuujin 竜神 Dragon Deity
Once a woman could not forgive the sins of her man and committed suicide by drowning in the pond and became a Dragon Deity. If people throw shards of pottery into this pond, she gets angry and brings great rain over the area.
If other women commit suicide in the pond, they will be transformed into snakes and serpents 蛇身.

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Tottori 鳥取県 西伯郡 中山町 Nakayama

kin no tamago 金の卵 the golden egg
Once a man exchanged a cow for a rooster which could lay golden eggs. He wanted to have one more and decided to buy another cow to exchange it. That night Kannon Bosatsu appeared in his dream. She made him realize that this was too much of greed and he needed to change.
The next morning when he awoke, the golden egg had turned into an egg of pottery.

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- reference : nichibun yokai database -

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Yakimono ― Daruma in Japanese Pottery   
BACKUP TEXT only 


 WASHOKU : sara, hachi, kappu ...
various kinds of plates and bowls
 


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[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
- #potteryjapan #setomonochoedo #yakimonojapan #iseya-
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6 comments:

Sophie said...

Good Photos and Explanation, Diversity of Japanese Design.
Here, a gallery in Paris, which has nice japanese art pieces:
Yakimono Japanese Ceramics

Gabi Greve said...

kintsugi (金継ぎ) (Japanese: golden joinery)
or
kintsukuroi (金繕い) (Japanese: golden repair)
.

Gabi Greve - news said...

Antique Chinese and Japanese Porcelain Collectors'
Help and Info Page
This is a Collectors' Help and Info Page for collectors of antique Chinese and Japanese porcelain with several thousand pages of information available without charge. Among them is an extensive archive of translated and dated Japanese and Chinese porcelain marks, a glossary of pottery, porcelain and ceramic art terms, Chinese porcelain history articles and documents, Chinese travelogues, tons of pictures and Question & Answer pages.

Gotheborg.com
Jan-Erik Nilsson
.
http://gotheborg.com/
.

Gabi Greve - facebook said...

Tanba Ware (Tanbayaki) 丹波焼
Tambayaki . . .
discussing the name in English
.
join in on facebook !

Gabi Greve said...

Japan Pottery Net was founded to introduce Japanese ceramics to the entire world, thanks to the partnership of the distinguished ceramic artists whose works are the cultural heritage of Japan.

Through the exhibition of art galleries and museums, artistic values of Japanese pottery are appreciated worldwide. Therefore, there are considerable numbers of Japanese ceramic-lovers even outside of Japan. Unfortunately, some have not had a chance to meet with the sense of beauty that Japanese craftsmen have succeeded in creating for hundreds of years.

The ceramics of the renowned high-class artists in Japan are hardly distributed outside of Japan. Even in Japan, it is hard to gain access to prestigious Japanese ceramics unless they are displayed in department stores or private exhibitions. Most of the works are stored in the artists’ private potteries in the countryside, which gives few opportunities for people in the cities or from foreign countries to get to know such treasures.
.
http://www.japanpotterynet.com/en/user_data/firsttime.php
.

Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

Modern Japanese Pottery and Porcelain Marks (窯印)
.
http://modernjapanesepotterymarks.blogspot.jp/2011_06_01_archive.html
.
and
more about Pottery and marks
.
https://www.facebook.com/groups/1376256879279591/search/?query=Pottery
>