2/27/2006

Kutaniyaki Pottery

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. Ishikawa Folk Art - 石川県 .
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Kutaniyaki 九谷焼 Kutani Pottery, Kutani ware  


Daruma as incense holder

I have written various articles about this type of pottery.

Kutani ware is pottery for everyday life and for the tea ceremony, made in the Kaga Province (now Ishikawa Prefecture). The tradition started in the late 17th century. The Old Kutani (kokutani 古九谷) ware has a dark restrained overglaze enamel and dishes and bowls were most common. Other colors are a dull white glaze or a shiny indigo tinge to a dark blue. The characteristic colors are dark yellow and green.
Kutani ware is quite colorful and the designs go back to Chinese porcelains. The Yoshidaya Kiln (吉田家窯1823 - 31) revived the tradition of Old Kutani.


Look at these two, one from pottery, the dark one from bronze.



They are almost identical, and for good reason.
First I got the green one, and about a year later, the bronze one.
Side by side, they seem like twins.
The pottery one was made by a Kutani potter, who's brother was a maker for temple bells. So one day he lent the form to his brother and a few bronze Daruma were made.
One of them had found its twin here in my Daruma museum !

This is one of the joys of a collector!


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China-making in Kutani dates back around 340 years to the middle of the 17th century. As part of a policy to encourage local industry, a kiln to make colored porcelain was established at Kutani village, when high-quality china clay was discovered there. Potters were brought from Hizen (in present-day Saga Prefecture), which was known at the time as a center of porcelain production. This was the beginning of the local manufacture of colored china.

The type of pottery was named Kutaniyaki after the village where it began. It had a distinctive style that involved the plentiful use of Kutani gosai, or the five hues of Kutani, including deep blue, purple, yellow, green, and red, which were used to cover the entire surface with colored decoration. Themes included birds and flowers, landscape motifs, and geometrical patterns.

In 1710, however, after half a century of continuous production, the kiln was suddenly closed. People have suggested a number of reasons, but nobody really knows why it was closed down. Pottery from this early period is known as Old Kutani, and it forms a separate category from Kutani ware of later years produced after the industry was revived in the 19th century. In the early 19th century, the local ruling clan, which was enjoying power and influence, revived China-making in Kutani. After this, a number of potters and master craftsmen grew up in the area. Among them, Shoza Kutani did much to establish the reputation of Kutani ware in the second half of the 19th century.
http://web-japan.org/atlas/crafts/cra13.html


. . . CLICK here for Photos !



Check the articles by Robert Yellin :
source : e-Yakimono.net

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Some of my samples

Yawning Daruma
Kutani figure of Daruma dating from late Meiji period


Moskitoes and Daruma, on Kutani Pottery


My Photo Gallery of Kutani Daruma

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Here is a piece from my Daruma Museum







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Quoted from
SANAI, FINE ART & JAPANESE ANTIQUES
Edward Kawanabe, Texas, USA




The size of Daruma: 7 1/" High x 3" Dia.
The glazing Daruma has lavender purple which is the color of Kutani used often. I found this piece at Kutani area on my last trip. Daruma has merciful expression.
Dating from late Edo, 1860-70.

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source : darumakaiun.seesaa.net



source : tenant.depart.


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Torizara Plates with the typical Daruma

from the Showa period


Photos from my friend Ishino

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From 九谷焼窯元 陶匠大雅 
石川県加賀市中代町ホ1-1 Taiga-Do

cup


mug with handle




source : 陶匠大雅 
http://www.kutani-taigadou.jp/

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H A I K U

陶芸の文化を今に九谷焼
toogei no bunka o ima ni Kutaniyaki

continuing the culture
of great pottery -
Kutani pottery


Uehara Ichiro 上原一郎

MORE
source : hot-ishikawa.jp/senryu-haiku



source : flimart.com
Click for more photos of Kutani pottery !


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6 comments:

Gabi Greve - Basho archives said...

Matsuo Basho

in Kutani Pottery

Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

fuku kozuchi 福小槌 lucky mallet of Daikoku
.

Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

Kitamaebune 北前船 North-bound trade ships

big Kutani plate

Gabi Greve said...

Digital Archive of Ishikawa Japan
(Japanese option available);
the photo shows an old Kutani-yaki place from this website:

http://shofu.pref.ishikawa.jp/shofu/kutani/index_e.htm
.

Gabi Greve said...

Ishikawa Prefectural Museum of Art, Kutani Collection
.
http://www.ishibi.pref.ishikawa.jp/syozou/keyword/search.php
.
http://www.ishibi.pref.ishikawa.jp/english/collections/index.html
.

Gabi Greve said...

Glossary of Kutani Terms
http://gbouvier.com/glossary.htm

The Kutani Database
Georges Bouvier - Owner and webmaster
http://gbouvier.com/index.php
.