11/26/2004

TENGU and DARUMA

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. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List .
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Tengu and Daruma 天狗とだるま

CLICK for more tengu photos
Tengu from Mount Takao

Tengu (天狗, "heavenly dogs")
are a class of supernatural creatures found in Japanese folklore, art, theater, and literature. They are one of the best known yōkai (monster-spirits) and are sometimes worshipped as Shinto kami (revered spirits or gods). Although they take their name from a dog-like Chinese demon (Tiangou), the tengu were originally thought to take the forms of birds of prey, and they are traditionally depicted with both human and avian characteristics.
The earliest tengu were pictured with beaks (karasu tengu 烏天狗), but this feature has often been humanized as an unnaturally long nose, which today is practically the tengu's defining characteristic in the popular imagination.

Buddhism long held that the tengu were disruptive demons and harbingers of war. Their image gradually softened, however, into one of protective, if still dangerous, spirits of the mountains and forests. Tengu are associated with the ascetic practice known as Shugendō, and they are usually depicted in the distinctive garb of its followers, the yamabushi.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !




Tengu from Miroku-Ji 弥勒寺
445 Kamihotchimachi, Numata, Gunma Kashozan 迦葉山弥勒寺



. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

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坂出の天狗まつり Tengu Festival in Sakaide

The festival is centered on Saganbo Tengu, a long-nosed goblin from Mount Shiramine near Sakaide that appears in many ancient Japanese folktales. The main events such as the Tengu Walk, Tengu Bazaar and Tengu Kite-Flying Contest focus on this theme. The Tengu Marathons (15km and 5km) are particularly popular, and they attract participants from all over the nation because of the scenic view of the Seto Inland Sea and Seto Ohashi Bridge. Bowls of udon (hot wheat noodles) with ten no gu (ten kinds of ingredients) are available at every festival site.

Date: 2nd weekend in February
Place: Saganbo, Oyabu-cho, Sakaide City; Hayashida
www.pref.kagawa.jp/

白峰山の相模坊(通称「さがん坊」)は,「保元物語」をはじめとして「源平盛衰記」,「太平記」,「雨月物語」など,多くの史書文献にもしばしば登場し,日本の八大天狗の一狗として古来から輝かしい歴史の1頁を飾っています。 こうした由来のある「相模坊」から生まれたのが,「大天狗しらみね爺や」と「小天狗さがんぼうや」の両天狗です。

. Saganbō or Sagamibō 相模坊 .


天狗うどん作り How to make Tengu Udon Noodles
...www.city.sakaide.kagawa.jp/


Even a Tengu Marathon Walk on high wooden clogs.



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Tengu 天狗の面 <> Long-Nosed Goblins
At Mt. Takao
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Darumasan-Japan/message/395

. Hiwatari matsuri 高尾山の火渡り祭
fire-walking ritual at Mt. Takao
 
with tengu and tengu waffles 天狗焼き Tengu Yaki



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Here is another group with Tengu and O-Kame (Okame)



Read a bit more about the three characters here and come back:
http://blog.livedoor.jp/gabigreve2000/archives/16785623.html

By now, you might wonder what this strange bedfellows do together.
Well, Okame represents the female genitals, Tengu of course the male ones and our Daruma, in this context, the golden balls (kintama). As a symbol for fertility of the human and the earth, these three are often found in souvenirs from rural areas and hot springs.





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A Book about Little Daruma and his Friend, Little Tengu
This was so popular it is now a TV series about Little Daruma and his friends.

Little Daruma & Little Tengu
tengu02

By Kako Satoshi, Peter Howlett Hardcover

だるまちゃんとてんぐちゃん
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Darumasan-Japan/message/366

There is a whole Daruma-chan Family.
だるまちゃんのお部屋
http://darumad.hp.infoseek.co.jp/darumachan.html

Daruma-chan and Tengu-chan

Look at this delightful picture story:
http://darumad.hp.infoseek.co.jp/tengu.html


More books about Daruma and his little friends.
だるまちゃんと○○○ちゃん
だるまちゃんとかみなりちゃん Kaminari-chan, the Thunder Boy
だるまちゃんととらのこちゃん Tora, the little Tiger
だるまちゃんとだいこくちゃん Daikoku, the God of Good Luck
加古 里子 Kako Satoshi
http://www.ne.jp/asahi/home/oshima/Daruma.htm

Daruma chan and Tora chan だるまちゃんととらのこちゃん
Daruma and Little Tiger
. Tora トラ - 虎 - 寅 Tiger Toys .


Ehon, E-Hon 絵本 Exhibition in New York, January 2007


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.. .. .. .. .. The Real Tengu Daruma



Read my Story about Haguro San.
http://darumapilgrim.blogspot.com/2005/02/haguro-san.html

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All you ever want to know about Tengu
with great illustrations

By Mark Schumacher
Tengu are mountain and forest goblins with both Shinto and Buddhist attributes. Their supernatural powers include shape-shifting into human or animal forms, the ability to speak to humans without moving their mouth, the magic of moving instantly from place to place without using their wings, and the sorcery to appear uninvited in the dreams of the living.
http://www.onmarkproductions.com/html/tengu.shtml


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A wooden doll set of a Tengu and 5 Daruma dolls
こけしの天狗にだるまさん




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Daruma with Geta and Box like a Tengu



Side and Back


Photos from my friend Ishino.


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White Daruma and large Tengu mask


© PHOTO : nanalove701

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. Komine Jinja 古峯ヶ原古峯神社 Nikko .
Tengu no Yashiro 天狗の社 Shrine of the Tengu
Seals of the Tengu 天狗の御朱印 with 16 different faces:


CLICK for more photos !

Tengu Shuin 天狗朱印 temple stamps


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Tengu and his wooden clogs, the GETA, this is another story

- - - Geta Sandals 下駄 - - -


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source : tabelog.com/tokyo/

だるまてんぐ Daruma Tengu restaurant
恵比寿横丁 - Tokyo

- More restaurants with the name TENGU 天狗
- reference : 天狗 レストラン -

- reference : tengu restaurant -



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source : James Bird - Tatooing

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Tengu -The Shamanic and Esoteric Origins
of the Japanese Martial Arts

Roald Knutsen

This fully illustrated volume, including an eight-page colour-plate section, is the first in-depth study in English to examine the warrior and shamanic characteristics and significance of tengu in the martial art culture (bugei) of Muromachi Japan (1336-1573).
According to Roald Knutsen,
who is widely known for his writings on the samurai tradition, prompting his life-long study of tengu – the part-human, part-animal creatures – was the early discovery that the tengu of the Muromachi period were interacting with the deadly serious bugei masters teaching the arts of war. … read moreHere were beings who did not conform to the comic, goblin-like creatures of common folklore and were not the creations of the Buddhist priests intent on demonizing that which they did not understand and could not control.
source : www.brill.nl/tengu


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BOOK


. The Seven Tengu Scrolls 七天狗絵 Shichi Tengu-e .

The Seven Scrolls Tengu:
Evil and the Rhetoric of Legitimacy in Medieval Japanese Buddhism
by Haruko Wakabayashi


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Torii Kiyomasu I - 鳥居清倍 


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Konpira pilgrims carrying a tengu mask on their rucksack wooden box (oizuri)

. Konpira pilgrims 金比羅参り .

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source : daizukan9.blog63.fc2.com

pokkuri tengu 健康長寿のぽっくり天狗
Tengu for a healthy long life and sudden death

Hoogihoogi Jinja 宝来宝来神社 Hogihogi Jinja
熊本県阿蘇郡南阿蘇村石神3, Kumamoto, Minami Aso

- Homepage of the shrine
pokkuri Tengu sama ぽっくり天狗さま
This was a present from a shrine located in the mountains of Kochi prefecture.
A man who had been ill and been cared for back to health shortly after the war there, promised to give it as a present. He prayed every day "hogi hogi ホギホギ 宝来宝来" (come, sacred treasure) until he and his son were both cured.
He had many children and grand-children and when he was 100 years old, he lay down, laughed aloud calling "pokkuri" and was on his way to paradise in no time.
- source : hogihogi.org


. pokkuri  ぽっくり amulets for a sudden death .


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kigo for late spring

. tengu no goohan 天狗の強飯(てんぐのごうはん)
large rice portion of the tengu goblin


CLICK for more photos

another name for the ceremony
Nikko Gohanshiki (Nikkoo Goohan-Shiki 日光強飯式)

. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List .

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. Kashoozan no tengu men 迦葉山の天狗面
Tengu mask from Tengu Mountain Kashozan

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sanshoo tengu 山椒天狗
tengu from wood of the mountain pepper



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Tengu from my collection

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***** . Haiku with NOSE (hana 鼻) .

Mukai Tengu 向い天狗 Tengu facing each other
Fuji Tengu 富士天狗(富士太郎)Tengu from Mount Fuji
and many more
. Folk Toys with a Tengu .

. Sake Legends and Buddhist Temples 酒とお寺 .
Legend from Mirokuji 弥勒寺 Miroku-Ji, Gunma


. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List .

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13 comments:

Anonymous said...

Little Kaminari (Thunder) and Little Daruma San
by Satoshi Kako

Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

Tengu and Fudo Myo-o 
天狗と不動明王
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Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

Legend

kobutori jiisan こぶとりじいさん "The Old Man's Lump Removed"
(瘤取り爺さん Kobu-tori Jiisan)
An old man has a lump or tumor on his face. In the mountains he encounters a band of tengu making merry and joins their dancing. He pleases them so much that they want him to join them the next night, and offer a gift for him.
...

MORE
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Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

Kidomaru learning magic from the tengu
Kidoomaru - Kidōmaru 鬼童丸


Oni, the Japanese Demons
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Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

Niigata
三条市 Sanjo town

Tengusama, Tengu sama 天狗様 the Tengu
There lived a Tengu in the mountains who brought a lot of damage to the village at the foot of the mountain.
An oracle of the shrine maiden got the following result:
This is the divine retribution of the Tengu. To appease him you have to offer o-miki to this shrine every year during the New Year celebrations.
When the farmers made the offering, they realized that all the sake was gone until the 8th day of the 10th lunar month of the year - the Tengu had drunk it all.
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Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

Kanagawa 神奈川県
Tengu 天狗 from 相模大山 Sagami Oyama

Mount Oyama in Tanzawa is famous for the Tengu mountain goblins. The boss of all Tengu is Hoki-Bo. He came to Tazawa from Mount Oyama ( 伯耆大山 Daisen) in Hoki / Tottori.
But at Sagami Oyama there lived another Tengu already, 相模坊 Sagami Bo.
Sagami Bo once wanted to console retired emperor 崇徳院 Sutoku-In in his exile in Sanuki (at the end of the Heian period) and had been exiled himself to Kanagawa.
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http://heianperiodjapan.blogspot.jp/2015/06/legends-heian.html
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Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

Tengu and Legends with tofu  豆腐伝説

Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

The Tengu from 倉尾村 Kurao in Chichibu, Saitama often launch a firework from their rock called 天狗岩 Tenguiwa. But it does not make a sound at all, just beautiful colors like chrysanthemums in the sky.
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hanabi legends
http://worldkigodatabase.blogspot.jp/2005/06/firework-display-hanabi.html
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Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

Taroobooguu 太郎坊宮 Shrine for the Tengu Tarobo / Taro-Bo 太郎坊
- Shiga
The Tarobo tengu is supposedly the elder brother of the Kurama tengu.
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http://omamorifromjapan.blogspot.jp/2011/08/shiga-folk-toys.html
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Gabi Greve said...

Amanozako
... she is a female, she is a god, she has a son. Her nicknames reveal how rare those things are: metengu (woman tengu) and tengu kami (tengu god) refer specifically to her; i.e. there aren’t really other female tengu or tengu gods besides her.

I also think she is interesting because while most tengu are considered to be malicious demons lurking in the forests, she is actually revered as a goddess. While it isn’t terribly uncommon to see shrines dedicated to tengu or small tengu cults (think of Sojobo from a few days ago), Amanozako’s story is special in that she interacts with the other gods in heaven. Her myths are not self-contained stories, but play off of the larger pantheon. She was supposedly born out of a chunk of spit and gall that the temperamental storm god, Susanoo, vomited up. Most tengu don’t have that as a claim to fame!
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http://matthewmeyer.net/blog/2015/10/18/a-yokai-a-day-amanozako/
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Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

Miyukiji 御幸寺 Miyuki-Ji
Matsuyama-shi, Miyuki, 1 Chome−442−1
A Tengu Temple
with Haiku by Masaoka Shiki
http://fudosama.blogspot.jp/2015/12/miyukiji-matsuyama.html
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Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

凧揚げて天狗をたのむ童かな
tako agete tengu o tanomu warawa kana

flying his kite
this child has his hopes
in the Tengu . . .


. Masaoka Shiki 正岡子規 .

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More about kites
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Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

Mount Daisen 大山
and the Tengu 伯耆大山清光坊 - Seikobo, Hoki Daisen
Hookiboo, Hōkibō 伯耆坊 Hoki-Bo, Hokibo .
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http://kappapedia.blogspot.jp/2016/08/tengupedia-abc-list.html
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